Maja Bondestam

maja_bodenstamBondestam is Senior Lecturer at the Department of History of Science and Ideas at Uppsala University. Her research interests include the history of the body in the shift from the early modern to the modern era, the history of sexuality, normality and deviancy, monstrosities, and the scientific and medical language of the adult and mature body. In past projects Bondestam has examined the history of the Swedish hermaphrodite, 1650–1930, the maturing body in Swedish medicine and culture, 1580–1830, and her dissertation was on medical advice literature and norms concerning body, gender and sexuality in the nineteenth century. Some recent publications are: Tvåkönad: Studier i den svenska hermafroditens historia (2010), “Begärens modernisering kring år 1900”, in Sexualpolitiska nyckeltexter, edited by Klara Arnberg, Pia Laskar and Fia Sundevall (2015), and “When the plant kingdome became queer: On hermaphrodites and the Linnean language of nonnormative sex”, in Illdisciplined Gender: Engaging Questions of Nature/Culture and Transgressive Encounters, edited by Jacob Bull and Margaretha Fahlgren (2016).


A moral guide, an offence or absolutely central? Extraordinary births and their value in Swedish medicine, 1660–1830

This subproject examines the emergence of unexpectedly shaped human fetuses as objects of medical inquiry. What were deviant or extraordinary births and how were they treated in Swedish medicine before teratology was established as a discipline of its own? Obstetricians, parents, anatomist, embryologists and actual births are in the focus of interest and so is the definition of so called monstrosity in a period when the worth of the irregular shifted immensely and when naturalistic, legal and religious explanations of the natural world, its order, and disorder went hand in hand.

Publications and presentations:

• Editor, Exceptional bodies in early modern culture: Concepts of monstrosity before the advent of the normal, Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press, 2020.

• Review of Kirsi Vainio-Korhonen, De frimodiga: Barnmorskor, födande och kroppslighet på 1700-talet, in Scandia, 2016, vol. 82, no 2, 107–109.

• Review of Tove Paulsson Holmberg, Onaturlig födelse: Johan von Hoorn och det obstetriska dilemmat 1680-1730, Diss. (Lund, 2017), in Lychnos: Idéhistorisk årsbok, 2017.

• “Let the extraordinary get in to your mind! Johannes Schefferus and the prodigious son of a fisherman, born in Södertälje, 1668”, paper presentation, Extraordinary bodies in early modern nature and culture. An international workshop at Uppsala University, Sweden, October 26-27, 2017.


Extraordinary bodies in early modern nature and culture. An international workshop at Uppsala University, Sweden, October 26-27, 2017, co-organized with Helena Franzén. Read more